CYCLING PERFORMANCE TIPS
As would be expected, three measured cardiovascular fitness:
Sleep quality and level of fatigue (over reaching in training is significant factor behind poor performance) need to be addressed in any comprehensive training program.
Exposed to constant muscle and tissue damage, the healing function of skeletal and muscle tissue made the list as well as vitamin D deficiency (which can impair healing).
Hydration status and electrolyte balance were key endurance factors making individualized fluid replacement strategies essential to support high-level endurance performance.
The consensus group noted that carbohydrate supplementation, caffeine, post exercise protein ingestion, neuromuscular control, and strategy/decision making were not examined as they had been extensively investigated and were accepted as essential components to achieve high level endurance performance.
Interestingly supplements - specifically magnesium, vitamin C, Vitamin E, Zinc and antioxidants - did not make the list and were felt to be a performance enhancer only in athletes who started off deficient.